Lower Back Issues

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Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain

Low back (lumbar) pain is one of the main reasons people visit their doctor. For adults over 40, it ranks third as a cause for doctor visits, after heart disease and arthritis.
Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis Syndrome

Any pain that begins in the area of the buttocks and proceeds down the leg is often referred to as sciatica. Of all the causes of sciatica, the most common is spinal nerve irritation near the lumbar region of the spine. Occasionally, this irritation of nerves can occur away from the immediate region and instead be down the leg. Another possible cause of sciatica is what’s known as piriformis syndrome. While this syndrome can indeed be painful, seldom does it present any danger and/or requi...
Lumbar Spondylolysis

Lumbar Spondylolysis

Spondylolysis happens when a crack forms in the bony ring on the back of the spinal column. Most commonly, this occurs in the low back. In this condition, the bone that protects the spinal cord fractures as a result of excessive or repeated strain. The area affected is called the pars interarticularis, so doctors sometimes refer to this condition as a pars defect.
Lumbar Spondylolisthesis

Lumbar Spondylolisthesis

Normally, the bones of the spine (the vertebrae) stand neatly stacked on top of one another. Ligaments and joints support the spine. Spondylolisthesis alters the alignment of the spine. In this condition, one of the spine bones slips forward over the one below it. As the bone slips forward, the nearby tissues and nerves may become irritated and painful.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis, as described by the North American Spinal Society, consists of either leg or buttock pain. This pain may or may not contribute to back pain. To elaborate, the nerves in the spinal canal are either compressed or closed in, leading to the aforementioned pain. This pain is caused by a shrinking of the hollow tube known as the spinal canal, which the nerves run through. As general deterioration caused by age occurs, tissue near the spinal canal can have a tendency to agitate the ner...
Lumbar Facet Joint Arthritis

Lumbar Facet Joint Arthritis

Arthritis of the lumbar facet joints can be a source of significant low back pain. Aligned on the back of the spinal column, the facet joints link each vertebra together. Articular cartilage covers the surfaces where these joints meet. Like other joints in the body that are covered with articular cartilage, the lumbar facet joints can be affected by arthritis.
Lumbar Disc Herniation

Lumbar Disc Herniation

Although people often refer to a disc herniation as a slipped disc, the disc doesn't actually slip out of place. Rather, the term herniation means that the material at the center of the disc has squeezed out of its normal space. This condition mainly affects people between 30 and 40 years old.
Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

The intervertebral discs in the lower spine are commonly blamed for low back pain. Yet low back pain has many possible causes, and doctors aren't always certain why symptoms occur.
Adult Degenerative Scoliosis

Adult Degenerative Scoliosis

A normal healthy spine will be straight when seen from the front or the back. When seen from the side, the normal spine forms a gentle S curve.
Spinal Compression Fractures

Spinal Compression Fractures

Compression fractures are the most common type of fracture affecting the spine. A compression fracture of a spine bone (vertebra) causes the bone to collapse in height.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction Patient Guide

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction Patient Guide

A painful Sacroiliac (SI) joint is one of the more common causes of mechanical low back pain. A ‘dysfunction’ of the SI joint is a term that is used to describe the pain associated with this joint because it is often still unclear why this joint becomes painful and leads to low back pain. Most people who suffer from this problem can reduce the pain with Physical Therapy treatment and manage the problem.
Sacroiliac Joint Injections

Sacroiliac Joint Injections

Sacroiliac (SI) joint injections are primarily diagnostic injections, meaning that they help your health care professional delineate the cause of your back pain. They may also be used to give temporary pain relief if you suffer from chronic SI joint pain but the injections do not usually eliminate the pain and they may not provide prolonged pain relief. These injections temporarily assist the pain by filling the SI joint with an anesthetic medication that numbs the joint, the ligaments, and th...
Spondyloarthropathies

Spondyloarthropathies

There are many different types of rheumatological diseases that affect the spine. A rheumatological disease is a problem that affects the entire body as a whole, rather than just one joint, such as the relatively well-known rheumatoid arthritis. When a rheumatological disease affects the spine, the resulting conditon is called a spondyloarthropathy. The term is made up of the Greek words: "Spondylo" meaning "vertebra," "arthro" meaning "joint," and "pathos" meaning "disease."
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

A painful sacroiliac joint is one of the more common causes of mechanical low back pain. Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction is a term that is used to describe the condition - because it is still unclear why this joint becomes painful and leads to low back pain. Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be a nuisance but it is seldom dangerous and rarely leads to the need for surgery. Most people who suffer from this problem can reduce the pain and manage the problem with simple methods.
Sacral Insufficiency Fractures

Sacral Insufficiency Fractures

The sacrum is a wedge shaped bone that makes up part of the pelvis. It transmits the weight of the body to the pelvic girdle. As the name suggests, sacral insufficiency fractures occur when the quality of the sacral bone has become insufficient to handle the stress of weight bearing. The bone has lost some of its supporting structure and has become weak. Since this is usually because of osteoporosis, sacral insufficiency fractures occur most often in older women.
Nutrition and Your Spine

Nutrition and Your Spine

You are what you eat. Is that simply a funny saying or is there some truth to that old adage? The spine is not something that usually comes to mind when one thinks about nutrition - but it should. Nutrition is important in having a healthy spine. Good nutrition also helps control pain and disability when we are suffering from many different types of spine conditions. This guide will help you understand:
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